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Vol. 146, No. 11, November 2012, pp. 48-58




Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes Reinforced Cement Composite Based Room Temperature Sensor for Smoke Detection

* Prashant Shukla, Vasuda Bhatia, Vikesh Gaur, Nitin BHARDWAJ, Vinod Kumar Jain

Amity Institute of Advanced Research and Studies-Materials & Devices

Amity University, Noida-201303 (U.P.), India

* Tel.: +91-120-4392189, +91-9910998802, fax: +91-120-4392289

E-mail: pshukla@amity.edu



Received: 21 September 2012   /Accepted: 23 November 2012   /Published: 30 November 2012

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: In this paper, smoke sensing property of pellets, fabricated from multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) (w: w) reinforced with Portland cement has been demonstrated; so as to explore their feasibility as an embedded smoke sensor for civil structures. DC transient response depicted increase in their electrical conductivity when exposed to smoke. The increase in responsivity of the pellets under smoke was found in the range 26-46 % depending upon the MWCNTs content. Ac impedance spectroscopy performed at room temperature under ambient and smoky environments over a frequency range 100 Hz - 2 MHz has demonstrated a gradual increase in the ionic conductivity with frequency for all composites. This increase in ionic conduction was also found to be assisted with an increase in the percentage of MWCNTs. The sensing mechanism has been explained on the basis of electrical conduction due to a combination of flow of ions present and the conductive carbon fibers in series present in the porous matrix of the cement.


Keywords: Multiwalled carbon nanotubes, Portland cement, Composite, Sensor, Smoke detection



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