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Vol. 164, Issue 2, February 2014, pp. 149-154




Equation Chapter 1 Section 1Cross Layer Design for Localization in Large-Scale Underwater Sensor Networks

1 Yuanfeng ZHANG, 2 En CHENG, 2 Keyu CHEN

1 Electrical Engineering Department of Minxi Vocational and Technical College, Longyan, 364021, China
2 XiaMen University Department of Communication Engineering, Xiamen, 361005, China
1 Tel.: +86 13850617909

1 E-mail: zyfcxf@163.com


Received: 6 November 2013 /Accepted: 28 January 2014 /Published: 28 February 2014

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: There are many technical challenges for designing large-scale underwater sensor networks, especially the sensor node localization. Although many papers studied for large-scale sensor node localization, previous studies mainly study the location algorithm without the cross layer design for localization. In this paper, by utilizing the network hierarchical structure of underwater sensor networks, we propose a new large-scale underwater acoustic localization scheme based on cross layer design. In this scheme, localization is performed in a hierarchical way, and the whole localization process focused on the physical layer, data link layer and application layer. We increase the pipeline parameters which matched the acoustic channel, added in MAC protocol to increase the authenticity of the large-scale underwater sensor networks, and made analysis of different location algorithm. We conduct extensive simulations, and our results show that MAC layer protocol and the localization algorithm all would affect the result of localization which can balance the trade-off between localization accuracy, localization coverage, and communication cost.


Keywords: Large-scale underwater sensor networks, Cross layer design for localization, MAC layer protocol, Localization algorithm.


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