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Vol. 174, Issue 7, July 2014, pp. 95-102




Deployment Algorithms of Wireless Sensor Networks for Near-surface Underground Oil
and Gas Pipeline Monitoring

1 Hua-Ping YU, 2 Hang QIN, 3 Jian WANG 4 Mei GUO

1, 2, 3 College of Computer Science, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434023, China
4 Department of Science and Technology, Yangtze University, Jingzhou, Hubei 434023, China
1 Tel.: 013972392592, fax: 07168060460

1 E-mail: yhpjz@126.com


Received: 23 March 2014 /Accepted: 30 June 2014 /Published: 31 July 2014

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: Oil and gas pipelines are the infrastructure of national economic development. Deployment problem of wireless underground sensor networks (WUSN) for oil and gas pipeline systems is a fundamental problem. This paper firstly analyzed the wireless channel characteristics and energy consumption model in near-surface underground soil, and then studied the spatial structure of oil and gas pipelines and introduced the three-layer system structure of WUSN for oil and gas pipelines monitoring. Secondly, the optimal deployment strategy in XY plane and XZ plane which were projected from three-dimensional oil and gas pipeline structure was analyzed. Thirdly, the technical framework of using kinetic energy of the fluid in pipelines to recharge sensor nodes and partition strategy for energy consumption balance based on the wireless communication technology of magnetic induction waveguide were proposed, which can effectively improve the energy performance and connectivity of the network, and provide theoretical guidance and practical basis for the monitoring of long oil and gas pipeline network, the city tap water pipe network and sewage pipe network.


Keywords: Oil and gas pipeline, Near-surface underground soil environment, Coverage, Connectivity, Energy consumption, Magnetic induction.


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