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Vol. 176, Issue 8, August 2014, pp. 125-133




An Energy-aware Routing Scheme in Delay Tolerant Mobile Sensor Networking

1 Zhe Chen, 1 Feng Yang, 1, 2 Shiyong Huang, 3 Wenxue Yang

1 School of Computer Science, China University of Geosciences, No. 388 Lumo Road, Wuhan, 430074, China
2 School of Computer Science, Wuhan University, Luojia Shan, Wuhan, 430072, China
3 School of Electron and Information, Hubei Three Gorges Polytechnic, Yichang, Hubei, 443000, China
1 Tel.: 086-13871596788, 086-027-87680656

E-mail: wdchenzhe@163.com


Received: 18 June 2014 /Accepted: 31 July 2014 /Published: 31 August 2014

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: In Delay Tolerant Mobile Sensor Networking (DTMSN), mobile sensor nodes are usually limited to their energy capacity, one important concern in routing design of DTMSN is energy consumption. This paper presents a number of variations of the Epidemic Routing Protocol (ERP) to extend the DTMSN lifetime. It introduces the analytical model for ERP, after introducing the concepts behind the Target Delivery Probability and Minimum Delivery Probability, it defines the network lifetime. In this paper, it firstly studies many variations of the Epidemic Routing Protocol to extend the lifetime of the DTMSN. Secondly, based on the Epidemic Routing Protocol, three schemes are introduced. Those schemes rely on the limiting the times of message allowed for propagation (LT scheme), directly controlling the number of the copies (LC scheme), split the copies to the residual energies of the nodes (LE scheme). Finally, with the experiment and the validation of the simulation, the LE scheme can significantly maximize the lifetime of DTMSN, because it minimizes the number of copies and that shifts the generation of the copies to the nodes with larger residual energy.


Keywords: Energy aware routing, Residual energies, Limited energy target delivery probability, Minimum delivery probability, Epidemic routing protocol.


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