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Vol. 185, Issue 2, February 2015, pp. 53-67




Buckshot Routing with Distance Vectors in Three Application Scenarios for Wireless Sensor Networks
with Unstable Network Topologies and Unidirectional Links

Reinhardt Karnapke, Jörg Nolte

Distributed Systems/Operating Systems Group Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus - Senftenberg Cottbus, Germany

E-mail: Karnapke@informatik.tu-cottbus.de, Jon@informatik.tu-cottbus.de


Received: 14 November 2014 /Accepted: 15 January 2015 /Published: 28 February 2015

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: Experiments have shown that the number of asymmetric and unidirectional links often exceeds the number of bidirectional ones, especially in the transitional area of the communication range of wireless sensor nodes. Still, most of today’s routing protocols ignore their existence or try to remove their implications. Also, links are not stable over time, and routes become unusable often, resulting in a need for new routing protocols that can handle highly dynamic links and use unidirectional links to their advantage. At SENSORCOMM' 2014, we presented BuckshotDV, a routing protocol which is resilient against link fluctuations and uses the longer reach of unidirectional links to increase its performance. Furthermore, its distance vector nature makes it scalable for large sensor networks. This paper is an extended version which adds some implementation details and the evaluation of BuckshotDV in two more application scenarios.


Keywords: Wireless sensor networks, Routing, Unidirectional links, Buckshot routing, Distance vectors.


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