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Vol. 188, Issue 5, May 2015, pp. 77-90




A Revolutionary Approach to Understanding a Minute Piece of Brain:
the 'Inverted' Retina of the Human Eye

Norbert Lauinger

Wetzlar, Germany

E-mail: norbert@lauinger-web.de, http://www.lauinger-web.de



Received: 18 March 2015 /Accepted: 30 April 2015 /Published: 29 May 2015

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: The consequent analysis of the prenatal development of the human eye covers three components of the hardware of the visual organ: the imaging optics, the cellular gratings on the optical surfaces (in particular the retina's three nuclear layers), as well as the visual pathway from the eye to the brain. A radical new interpretation of the nuclear layers of the 'inverted' retina as optical phase gratings and space gratings and the interaction of all hardware components results in a new understanding of the decisive optical pre-processing functionalities of the individual eye: the grating- optical spatial frequency filtering, the three-dimensional image processing based on the Fresnel near- field interferences dependent on the focal position of images, the (log)polar invariant information processing in object classification and identification, as well as the diffractive-optical RGB trichromatics in the cellular space lattice (ONL grating of the retina). With the multi-layered processing, the inverted retina becomes the decisive missing link between optical imaging and multilayer information processing in the cortical visual centers CGL and V1.


Keywords: optical sensor, human eye, imaging optics, inverted retina, 3D-image processing


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