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Vol. 214, Issue 7, July 2017, pp. 1-11

 

Bullet

 

Printed Self-Powered Miniature Air Sampling Sensors
 

Joseph Birmingham

Birmingham Technologies Inc., 3358 Pointe Drive, Quinton, VA, 23141, USA
Tel.: (503) 729-3046

E-mail: Joseph.Birmingham@birminghamtech.com

 

Received: 1 June 2017 /Accepted: 12 July 2017 /Published: 31 July 2017

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems

 

Abstract: The recent geo-political climate has increased the necessity for autonomous, chip-sized, lightweight, air sampling systems which can quickly detect and characterize chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and high explosive (CBRNE) hazardous materials and relay the results. To address these issues, we have developed a self-powered 3-D chip architecture that processes air to produce concentrated size- sorted particle (and vapor) samples that could be integrated with on-chip nanoelectronic detectors for the discovery of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The unique air movement approach is composed of a nanoscale energy harvester that provides electricity to a printed ion-drag pump to push air through coated-microstructured arrays. The self-powered microstructured array air sampler was designed using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) modeling to collect particles from 1-10 microns at greater than 99.9999 % efficiency with less than 100 Pascal [Pa] pressure drop at a specified air flow rate. Surprisingly, even at minimum air flow rates below specifications, these CFD predictions were matched by experimental results gathered in a Government aerosol chamber. The microstructured array engineered filter equaled the collection capability of a membrane or a high efficiency particle air (HEPA) filter at a fraction of the filter pressure drop.

 

Keywords: Air sampling, Self-powered, Nanotechnology, Ion-drag pump, Nanoscale, Microstructured array, Aerosol.

 

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