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Vol. 27, Special Issue, May 2014, pp. 290-294




Energy Harvesting From River Sediment Using a Microbial Fuel Cell: Preliminary Results

1, 2 Philippe Namour, 3 Matthieu Picot, 3 Laure Lapinsonniére, 3 Frédéric Barriére, 1 Nicole Jaffrezic-Renault

1 Université de Lyon, Institut des Sciences Analytiques, UMR 5280, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, 5 rue de la Doua, F-69100, Villeurbanne, France
2 Irstea, UR MALY, 5 rue de la Doua, F-69100, Villeurbanne, France
3 Université de Rennes 1, Institut des sciences chimiques de Rennes UMR 6226, 263 Avenue du General Leclerc CS 74205, 35042, Rennes Cedex, France
1 Tel.: +33437423558

1 E-mail: philippe.namour@univ-lyon1.fr


Received: 23 November 2013 /Accepted: 12 January 2014 /Published: 26 May 2014

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: We have built a sedimentary fuel cell or Sediment Microbial Fuel Cell (SMFC). The device works on the principle of microbial fuel cells by exploiting directly the energy contained in sedimentary organic matter. It converts in electricity the sediment potential, thanks to microorganisms able to waste electrons from their metabolism directly to a solid anode instead of their natural electron acceptors, such as oxygen or nitrate. The sediment microbial fuel cell was made of a non-corrodible anode (graphite) buried in anoxic sediments layer and connected via an electrical circuit to a cathode installed in surface water. We present the first results of laboratory sedimentary fuel cell and a prototype installed in the river.


Keywords: Sediment, Bio-electricity, Fuel cell.


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