bullet Advances in Robotics and Automatic Control: Reviews, Vol. 1

   (Open Access Book)


  Title: Advances in Robotics and Automatic Control: Reviews, Vol. 1, Book Series

  Editor: Sergey Y. Yurish

  Publisher: International Frequency Sensor Association (IFSA) Publishing

  Formats: paperback (print book) and printable pdf Acrobat (e-book) 402 pages

  Price: 90.00 EUR (shipping cost by a standard mail without a tracking code is included)

  Delivery time for print book: 7-17 days dependent on country of destination. Please contact us for priority (5-9 days), ground (3-8 days) and express (3-5 days) delivery options by e-mail

  Pubdate: 30 May 2018

  ISBN: 978-84-09-02448-3

  e-ISBN: 978-84-09-02449-0


  Creative Commons License



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 Advances in Robotics and Automatic Control: Reviews, Vol. 1, Book Series



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 Book Description



By 2020 the International Federation of Robotics (IFR) estimates that more than 1.7 million new industrial robots will be installed in factories worldwide and robots for domestic could reach almost 32 million units in the period 2018-2020, with an estimated value of about €10 bn ($11.7 bn).


Industrial robots offer many benefits, including cost reduction, increased rate of operation and improving quality, along with improved manufacturing efficiency and flexibility. The demand for industrial robotics is majorly observed in industries such as automotive, electrical & electronics, chemical, rubber & plastics, machinery, metals, food & beverages, precision & optics, and others. In its turn, industrial automation control market will witness considerable growth during the same period with the growing demand of products such as sensors, drives and various robots.


The first volume of the Advances in Robotics and Automatic Control: Reviews, Book Series started by IFSA Publishing in 2018 contains ten chapters written by 32 contributors from 9 countries: Belgium, China, Germany, India, Ireland, Japan, Serbia, Tunisia and USA.







1. Electrostatic Inchworm Motors Driven by High-Voltage Si Photovoltaic Cells for Millimeter Scale Multi-Legged Microrobots

1.1. Introduction
1.2. Multi-Legged Microrobot
1.3. Electrostatic Inchworm Motors
1.4. High-Voltage Si PV Cells
1.5. Experimental Results
1.6. Conclusions


2. Adaptive Trajectory Tracking Control and Dynamic Redundancy Resolution of Nonholonomic Mobile Manipulators

2.1. Introduction
2.2. System Description
2.3. Redundancy Resolution by Extended Formulation
2.4. Control Design
2.4.1. Passive Control (PC) Design
2.4.2. Adaptive Passive Control (APC) Design
2.5. Simulation Results
2.6. Conclusions


3. An Automated On-line Novel Visual Percept Detection Method for Mobile Robot and Video Surveillance

3.1. Overview
3.2. Introduction
3.3. A Percept Learning System
3.3.1. Feature Generation
3.3.2. Similarity Measure
3.3.3. Percept Formation
3.3.4. Fast Search by Database Tree
3.4. An On-line Novelty Detection Method
3.4.1. Threshold Selection
3.4.2. Eight-Connected Structure Element Filter
3.4.3. Tree Insertion Operation
3.5. Experiments and Results
3.5.1. Experiment I: An Indoor Environment
3.5.2. Experiment II: An Outdoor Environment
3.6. Conclusions


4. Dynamics and Control of a Centrifuge Flight Simulator and a Simulator for Spatial Disorientation

4.1. Introduction
4.2. Kinematics and Dynamics of the Centrifuge
4.2.1. Forward Geometric Model of the Centrifuge
4.2.2. Forward Kinematics Related to the Centrifuge Velocities and Accelerations
4.2.3. Centrifuge Dynamics
4.3. Acceleration Forces and Link Angles of the Centrifuge
4.3.1. Calculation of the Simulator Pilot Acceleration Force Components
4.3.2. Calculation of the Centrifuge Roll and Pitch Angles
4.4. The Control Algorithm of the Centrifuge Movement
4.4.1. Calculation of the Centrifuge Arm Angular Acceleration q ̈_1
4.4.2. Smoothing the Acceleration Force G Profile
4.4.3. Calculation of the Desired and Maximal Possible Values of q ̈_1, q ̈_2 and q ̈_3
4.4.4. Centrifuge Control Algorithm (Algorithm 4.2)
4.5. Programming Instruction of the Centrifuge Movement
4.6. Results: Verification for the Proposed Control Algorithm
4.7. Kinematics and Dynamics of the SDT
4.7.1. Forward Geometric Model of the SDT
4.7.2. Forward Kinematics Related to the SDT Velocities and Accelerations
4.7.3. SDT Dynamics
4.8. Acceleration Forces and Link Angles of the SDT
4.8.1. Calculation of the SDT Simulator Pilot Acceleration Force Components
4.8.2. Calculation of the Roll and Pitch Angles of the SDT
4.9. The Control Algorithm of the SDT Movement
4.9.1. Calculation of the Maximum Possible Value of q ̈_1
4.9.2. Calculation of the Maximum Possible Values of q ̈_2, q ̈_3 and q ̈_4
4.9.3. Algorithm for Calculating the Maximum Possible Values of q ̈_1, q ̈_2, q ̈_3 and q ̈_4 Based on Approximate Forward Dynamics
4.10. Results: Verification for the Proposed Control Algorithm
4.11. Conclusions


5. PCBN Tool Wear Modes and Mechanisms in Finish Hard Turning

5.1. Introduction
5.2. PCBN Tool Materials
5.3. Cutting Tool Wear
5.4. PCBN Tool Wear Mechanisms
5.4.1. Abrasion
5.4.2. Diffusion and Adhesion
5.4.3. Built Up Layer (Chemical Reaction)
5.5. Factors that Influence PCBN Tool Wear
5.5.1. PCBN Tool Material Composition
5.5.2. Tool Edge Geometry
5.5.3. Machine Tool Requirements
5.6. Summary


6. Simulation Study of a Constant Time Hybrid Approach for Large Scale Terrain Mapping Using Satellite Stereo Imagery

6.1. Introduction
6.2. Related Work
6.3. Problem Formulation
6.3.1. Simulation Environment
6.3.2. Representation of the Environment
6.3.3. Bundle Adjustment Technique
6.3.4. Graph Weight Computation
6.4. Loop Closure
6.5. Theoretical Justification of the Hybrid Approach - Integrating RSLAM with Particle Filters
6.5.1. Desired Asymptotic Properties
6.5.2. Properties of Maximum Likelihood (ml) Estimators in Bundle Adjustment
6.5.3. Advantages and Asymptotic Properties of Particle Filter
6.6. Landmark-Formation in Stereo Environment
6.6.1. SURF Based Feature Detection
6.6.2. Landmark Characterization
6.7. Data Association Based on Landmark Matching
6.8. Matching Landmarks Using Fuzzy Similarity
6.8.1. Fuzzy Landmarks
6.8.2. Fuzzy Set Terminologies
6.8.3. Similarity Metric: Fuzzy Similarity
6.8.4. The Algorithm for Fuzzy Landmark Matching
6.9. Map Building
6.9.1. Disparity Computation
6.10. Experimental Results
6.10.1. Effect of Topographic Labelling on System Performance 198
6.10.2. Example-1
6.10.3. Example-2
6.10.4. Example-3
6.10.5. Simulation with Proposed Model
6.10.6. Comparison with Existing Models
6.11. Future Work: Improvement of the Hybrid Approach Using Auxiliary Particle Filter
6.12. Summary and Conclusion


7. An Overview of Systems, Control and Optimisation (SCO) in Recent European R&D Programmes and Projects (2013-2017)
    under the Emergence of New Concepts and Broad Industrial Initiatives

7.1. Introduction
7.1.1. The Broad R&D landscape for Systems, Control and Optimisation (SCO)
7.1.2. Structure of the Paper and Profiling of Projects
7.1.3. Topics in Projects vs. Topics Supported by Key Scientific Societies
7.1.4. Mapping Projects Content According to Inherent Single, or Multiple Innovations
7.1.5. The Sample of R&D Projects Considered
7.2. Systems, Control, Control Systems, Control in Systems and “No-control”
7.2.1. Terminology, Evolution, Explanations, Different Views
7.2.2. Another Consideration: Focus on Control vs. Focus on Applications (as addressed in Projects)
7.2.3. The Important Role of Sensors and Actuators
7.2.4. Challenges for Systems and Control Other Than Explicit Feedback Arrangements of Fig. 7.4
7.3. The European R&D scene: European Commission, National & Other Programmes
7.3.1. Outline
7.3.2. The Main R&D&I Programmes in the European Union (EU)
7.3.4. National and Other Programmes
7.3.5. Renewal of R&D Programmes
7.3.6. Views and some criticism about the Control Domain
7.3.7. What Communities Deal with Systems and Control R&D?
7.4. Project Categories and Examples Regarding Systems, Control and Optimisation
7.4.1. Preliminary Remarks
7.4.2. Project Examples, According to Their SCO Content, a Bottom up View
7.4.3. SCO Topics in Large Scale and Broad Scope Projects
7.4.4. Aerospace Research and SCO Topics
7.4.5. Alternative and Other Interesting SCO Applications
7.5. Concluding Remarks and new challenges
7.A1. Additional Information on Selective Project Groups in SCO Topics
7.A2. Project Groups
7.A2.1. Algebraic and Geometric Methods (See Also under PDEs Group Below)
7.A2.2. Automata-based System Design
7.A2.3. Dynamical Systems
7.A2.4. Non-linear Systems and Bifurcations
7.A2.5. Complex Systems
7.A2.6. Formal Methods
7.A2.7. Consensus Methods (Including Non-ICT / Non-engineering Systems)
7.A2.8. PDEs, System Modelling (e.g. Control for Wave, -HD, -MHD Equations)
7.A2.9. Symbolic Control
7.A2.10. Robotics
7.A2.11. Self Organisation & Self-assembling Systems
7.A2.12. Decision Making/Processes, Markov DP, POMDP, Multi-agents Systems
7.A2.13. Control of Embryonic Stem Cells Systems - Regulatory Systems
7.A2.14. Advanced Controller Synthesis - Novel Concepts and Methods


8. Model Detection Using Innovations Squared Mismatch Method: Application to Probe Based Data Storage System

8.1. Introduction
8.2. Real Time Plant Detection with Innovations Squared Mismatch (ISM)
8.2.1. Preliminaries, Problem Formulation and MAP
8.2.2. Innovations Squared Mismatch (ISM)
8.3. Plant Detection with Known Dwell Interval; Sequence Detection
8.4. Application of ISM and ISM-MLSD to Probe Based Data Storage
8.4.1. Validation of Equivalent Model and Detection Framework
8.4.2. Detection Performance from Experiments
8.4.3. Symbol by Symbol and Sequence Detection
8.5. Conclusions


9. H∞ Tracking Adaptive Fuzzy Sliding Mode Design Controller for a Class of Non Square Nonlinear Systems

9.1. Introduction
9.2. Generalized Conventional Sliding Mode
9.3. Design of a Robust Adaptive Fuzzy Controller
9.4. Simulation Results
9.5. Conclusion


10. Analytical Solution of Optimized Energy Consumption of Induction Motor Operating in Transient Regime

10.1. Minimization of a Cost-to-go Function under Constraints
10.1.1. Statement of Optimal Control Problem with a Final Free State
10.1.2. Reformulation of the Optimal Control Problem
10.2. Optimal Control via the Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman Equation
10.2.1. Determination of the HJB Equation
10.3. Determination of the HJB Equation in the Case of IM Minimum Energy Control
10.3.1. Solving the HJB Equation
10.4. Implementation of the Optimal Solution Obtained by HJB Equation
10.4.1. Determination of the Rotor Flux Optimum Trajectory
10.4.2. Implementation of the Flux Optimal Trajectory in the VECTOR CONTROL Structure
10.5. Conclusion




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