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Vol. 124, Issue 1, January 2011, pp.72-82



Effect of Magnetic Flux Density and Applied Current on Temperature, Velocity and Entropy Generation Distributions in MHD Pumps


1M. Kiyasatfar, 2N. Pourmahmoud, 3M. M. Golzan, 4M. Eskandarzade

1 CFD Research center, Mechanical Engineering Dept., Urmia University, West Azerbayjan, Iran,

E-mail: m.kiyasatfar@gmail.com

2 CFD Research center, Mechanical Engineering Dept., Urmia University, West Azerbayjan, Iran

3 Physics Department faculty of science, Urmia University, West Azerbaijan, Iran

4Dept. of Mech. Eng., Urmia University of Technology, West Azerbaijan, Urmia, Iran



Received: 12 October 2010   /Accepted: 24 January 2011   /Published: 28 January 2011


Abstract: In the present study, simulation of steady state, incompressible and fully developed laminar flow has been conducted in a magneto hydrodynamic (MHD) pump. The governing equations are solved numerically by finite-difference method. The effect of the magnetic flux density and current on the flow and temperature distributions in a MHD pump is investigated. The obtained results showed that controlling the flow and the temperature is possible through the controlling of the applied current and the magnetic flux. Furthermore, the effects of the magnetic flux density and current on entropy generation in MHD pump are considered. Our presented numerical results are in good agreement with the experimental data showed in literature.


Keywords: Magneto hydrodynamic (MHD), Micro pump, Entropy generation


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