bullet Sensors & Transducers Journal

    (ISSN 1726- 5479)


2008 e-Impact Factor

              Editorial Calendar 2013

              Editorial Board

              Submit an Article

              Best Selling Articles 2012

              10 Top Sensors Products of 2011

              25 Top Downloaded Articles

              Submit Press Release

              Submit White Paper

              Journal Subscription 2013

Sensors and Intelligent Systems

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2011

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2010

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2009

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2008

Sensors & Transducers Journal 2007

2000-2002 S&T e-Digest Contents

2003 S&T e-Digest Contents

2004 S&T e-Digest Contents

2005 S&T e-Digest Contents

2006 S&T e-Digest Contents


Best Articles 2011




Vol. 17, Special Issue, December 2012, pp. 257-266


Selected papers from the 4th International Conference on Intelligent & Advanced Systems (ICIAS' 2012),

12-14 June 2012, Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur




Utilizing Bi2Te3 TE Pellet as the Condenser of Thermal Power Plant

1 M. Rafiee, 2 A. Siadatan, 3 E. Zarei Ali Abadi and 4 E. Afjei

1 Young Researchers Club, West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Electrical Eng., West Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

3 Technical Vocational University, Enghelab Eslami Technical Collage, Tehran, Iran

4 Department of Electrical Eng., Shahid Beheshti University G. C., Tehran, Iran

E-mail: rafiee.mehran@ieee.org, a_siadatan@wtiau.ac.ir, e_zareia@yahoo.com, e-afjei@sbu.ac.ir



Received: 29 September 2012   /Accepted: 29 October 2012   /Published: 18 December 2012

Digital Sensors and Sensor Sysstems


Abstract: The efficiency of thermal power plants is rather poor. In the power plants, before starting a new cycle, the steam which is used to spin the turbine in the last cycle has to be condensed to water at first and then reheated to change into steam again. This process is an important thermodynamic rule and needed for an efficient heat to electricity conversion cycle in the power plants, so, in addition to mechanical and heat transfer losses, large amounts of fuel energy is wasted during condensation and rejected to the atmosphere. In the presented paper, we decide to convert some of the condenser wasted energy to electricity using thermoelectric material. At first, the cycle occurring in thermal power plants in which the electricity is generated from the fuel heat, is explained. Then, the two condenser types and their performance mechanism are declared. After selecting appropriate thermoelectric material and presenting its characteristic and also equations, a thermoelectric generator is designed to use as the condenser of a 2000 MW thermal power plant. It's shown that about 3.3 % increasing in the power plant efficiency is expected by using the selected thermoelectric generator in the condensation cycle.


Keywords: Thermal power plant, Rankine cycle, Condenser, Thermoelectric material



Buy this article online (it will be send to you in the pdf format by e-mail) or subscribe Sensors & Transducers journal

(12 issues per year plus special issues; 40 % discount for payment IFSA Members):


Buy this journal issue in pdf format
only for 79.95 $ US:

Sensors & Transducers journal subscription

450 $ US per year:

Buy this article for
14.95 $ US:



Alternatively we accept a money transfer to our bank account. Please contact for details: sales@sensorsportal.com


Download <here> the Library Journal Recommendation Form






1999 - 2012 Copyright , International Frequency Sensor Association (IFSA). All Rights Reserved.

Home - News - Links - Archives - Tools - Voltage-to-Frequency Converters - Standardization - Patents - Marketplace - Projects - Wish List - e-Shop - Sensor Jobs - Membership - Videos - Publishing - Site Map - Subscribe - Search

 Members Area -Sensors Portal -Training Courses - S&T Digest - For advertisers - Bookstore - Forums - Polls - Submit Press Release - Submit White Paper - Testimonies - Twitter - Facebook - LinkedIn